Olden days

MY HISTORY, MY HERITAGE: KNOWING THE GUANS (The BOSO People Part 2)

………. Soon there was an unprecedented influx of Akan immigrants who came to seek political asylum because they deity Letsu abhorred the shedding of blood.

Most of them arrived with their ancestral Stools-Asafo Agyei Stool from Asante Ejisu, Agyeman Koboa Stool from Akyem Begoro, Osafo Afari Stool from Asante Mampon, etc.

In those days, Boso had no principal ruler, except independent stool Elders who looked upon Letsu priest and Mankrado as their senior partners.

On one occasion Akwamu Akoto, Paramount Chief of Akwamu, whose sovereignty extended over Anum, Boso, Peki, and Awesome, visited Boso and advised the people to enstool an Omanhene to unify them into a political organization on Akan pattern.

The story adds that the seventh occupant of the Boso Amoakade Stool by name Addo – a handsome and energetic man – had an affair with an Akwamu royal Abrade woman and bore a son who grew to become Akwamu Akoto.

The same Addo married Abena Safoa (from Obideasor line) from Dwumana family, thus the issue became the patrilineal brother to Akwamu Akoto who was elected and installed the first Paramount chief of Boso, though he was neither the Pathfinder (Pioneer settler) nor did he possesses an ancestrial Stool, but it all happened upon the express command of the dreadful Akwamu Akoto.

Obidiasor’s two other sisters Atuabea (Boafoa) and Abam (Prah) married at Anum and Abora Kwaman respectively.

Prior to the arrival of the Awamu in 1733, there reigned at Asabi, a power Kwamu chief called Baadu Okoampata (NOT Baadu Mankanta) whose Agona Stool originated from Kwahu Bukuruwa.

He was succeeded by Adom Opumpuni, more properly known as Adom Puni or Asabi Adom in whose reign the Akwamu arrived in the Mid-Volta basin.

And beginning from 1740, Akwamu defeated the Island state of Akrade, and gradually conquered the rest of Kamana towns and by 1769, the Akwamuhene felt strong enough to challenge the power of Asabi Adom whom he conquered in that year, and in consequence of Adom’s defeat all the tribal fragment came under the suzerainty of the Akwamuhene till they united to overthrow the Akwamu yoke in1833.

To wipe out the shame, Akwamu entered into Tripple alliance with Kumase and Anlo in 1867.

And in January, 1869 the main body of the Asante army 40,000 strongmen, under General Adu Bofour marched into Akwamu and with the support of 10,000 warriors mobilized from Anlo, the Anum, Peki and the Awudome were driven into exile.

Adu Bofour met and unexpected resistant as soon as Dompreh Kwadwo of Akyem Kotoku, the brave soldier of fortune came from Nsawam to organize the Guan into regular fighting order.

They took refuge into the mid-Volta region, 1869-1871 till they managed to cross the Volta in safety after Adu Bofuor’s abortive campaign had ended and had returned to Kumase on 4th September, 1871.

In that year, the Colonial government proposed to resettle the Guan at the present site of Koforidua; however, they declined the offer on grounds that it was on the warpath of the Ashanti army.

The Boso established a settlement at eh foothills of Adukrom. When they left, a group of discontented people from Abonse occupied the place and renamed it Asesieso.

In 1881 the fugitive Boso people returned to rebuild the ruins of their ancestral home. Traditions has it that Kwasi Letsu, reputed to be the stool carrier of Nyenye Letsu during the war, swore to lead them to Boso. Having accomplished the task, he received the sobriquet of “Ama-okwan-da-mu” (the path finder) hence the Golden axe on the top of the State Umbrella of Nyenye Kwasi Pong and successive occupants of the stool created for the family.

This is, indeed, a summary of the Evidence provided by Abusuapanyin Kwao Tawia. And if, therefore, I have been accurate in my presentation, it is because I have been well-informed made one permanent settlement near the Chachi stream.

It is a common misconception that their move was prompted by the deliberate act of the part of Anum by spreading the tabooed mushroom (Eble Kpomo) at eh Letsu shrine to sabotage the effort of the deity; however, Abusuapanyin Kwao Tawiah debunked the suggestion because the deity had been purified when the Anum were living at Nkawanta-Kpomo on the Anum-Labolabo bush path.

Source: The Spectator/Ghana, Saturday, July 23 and 30, 2011, Page 31

Sokynewsgh.com / SOKY TV / Ghana

COMMENTS

Leave Your Comment

%d bloggers like this: